Thursday, August 27, 2020

Manage People Performance In an organization †

Question: Examine about the Manage People Performance In an association. Answer: In an association, division of work is one of the preeminent errands that must be dealt with by the directors who are accountable for the individual offices (Yu et al. 2014) While distribution work and drawing up the strategy for a given work it is fundamental for the administrators to ensure that the best of the group is selected for the specific errand. The arrangement of the workforce ought to be adjusted to the degree of ability that specific representatives have over a specific area. The individuals who can take a shot at a specific theme in a superior manner than others ought to be placed in the assignment for that specific subject. This will guarantee that the best ability is given to the task. The objectives and destinations of the organization ought to be remembered while apportioning function as each association needs to work as per targets. The manner by which work is distributed and designs are made ought to be in accordance with the objectives of the work association. Th e arrangement that will be defined for a work ought to consistently keep up that the most minimal of the expenses are brought about to the organization. The whole work procedure ought to be drafted with conference from the specialists who will give proposals that will serve to the greatest advantage of the organization. KRAs and KPIs are vital piece of the arranging procedure in an association. These are the instruments that are utilized to quantify the measure of focus on that has been accomplished in the authoritative procedure. KPIs empower the association to know how much the objectives are accomplished and the outcomes that can be accomplished by sticking to the hierarchical targets. KRAs are long haul while KPIs are present moment (Arora and Kaur 2015). These take into account the constant assessment of the hierarchical advancement. The exhibition the board frameworks are required to monitor the presentation of the different workers and groups. The exhibition should be in accordance with the objectives of the association. The set of accepted rules in an association ensures that the workers are moral in their conduct and approach towards their partners. Such code ties the representatives frankly and makes them to work with honesty and reasonableness. The different Human Resource Management inst ruments, for example, prizes and acknowledgments permit the organization to energize the laborers who have been performing great continually. Such exercises spur the representatives and the disposition of the workforce is lifted up so every individual feels free to attempt to perform to the most significant level. For instance, Companies, for example, Google and Facebook give their representatives free food, ride to work and even wellness advantages, for example, Yoga and rec center participation for nothing. Inputs for terrible showings are likewise an unquestionable requirement with the goal that the staff can move in the direction of improvement and get prepared so as to exceed expectations in the work (Gong et al. 2017). It is fundamental for an association to remember of the lawful ramifications that can emerge if a worker faces unjustified end. A worker needs to serve the notification time frame on the off chance that it is an abrupt end started by the representative by and by . Every one of these procedures ensure that the association works in the most ideal manner and both the representative and manager needs are satisfied. References Arora, A. also, Kaur, S., 2015. Execution appraisal model for the board teachers dependent on KRA/KPI. InInternational meeting on innovation and business the executives March(Vol. 23, p. 25). Gong, Y., Wang, M., Huang, J.C. what's more, Cheung, S.Y., 2017. Toward an objective orientationbased input looking for typology: Implications for representative execution outcomes.Journal of Management,43(4), pp.1234-1260. Yu, H., Miao, C., A, B., Shen, Z. furthermore, Leung, C., 2014, May. Notoriety mindful undertaking assignment for human trustees. InProceedings of the 2014 universal meeting on Autonomous operators and multi-specialist systems(pp. 357-364). Universal Foundation for Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Assignment Coursework Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Task - Coursework Example This has brought about minimizing of economies just as decrease in development gauges for different nations around the globe by driving organizations like S&P, IMF and so on (The Guardian, 2011). The change in the economy just as ascend in shortages has prompted different sorts of spending cuts on the pieces of the legislature of different nations around the world. The wild financial swinging in the ongoing occasions has likewise created serious vacillations of records of modern creations in different built up economies like the US for a drawn out period. A considerable lot of the enterprises having a place with different areas like friendliness, agribusiness, retail and so forth have been seriously influenced. (THE WESTERN UNION COMPANY, p.19) This vacillation in modern creation has thus brought about huge cost cutting by the organizations around the globe, which thusly influenced the activity advertise and along these lines hampering shopper spending (AccaGlobal, p.7). The acti vities of Western Union exceptionally remember the exchange of accounts for the piece of the buyers just as business houses to different pieces of the world. The bleak situation developing out of the failure to determine the continuous Euro emergency by the national ideological groups has prompted delayed varieties in openings for work there by enormously hampering the spending with respect to the buyers. (National Bureau of Economic Research, P.9) The friend investigated article features the issues that emerged in the vehicle business in the US during the 2008-2011 periods as a perfection of low deals, high basic expenses just as obligations (Klier and Rubenstein, p.1-21). The paper additionally talks about the related administrative methodology that occurred during that period going from the inaccessibility of a consensual choice to offer help to the carmakers to the issuance of monetary help for a limited ability to focus the active ideological group. The paper legitimately examines

Friday, August 21, 2020

Blog Archive Harvard Business School Essay Analysis, 20162017

Blog Archive Harvard Business School Essay Analysis, 2016â€"2017 *Please note: You are viewing an essay analysis from the 2016-2017 admissions cycle.  Click here to view our collection of essay analyses for the current admissions season.   After just one year, Harvard Business School (HBS) has done away with its “introduce yourself” essay prompt, which gave applicants a lot of leeway to share their story on their terms, and has returned to an even broader promptâ€"one that at first may seem as though it has no parameters at all. This year’s question is almost exactly the same as the one the school used in 2013â€"2014, when it asked, “What else would you like us to know as we consider your candidacy?” This year, the question is “What more would you like us to know as we consider your candidacy?” (italics ours). We presume that after seeing the essays candidates submitted in response to its “introduce yourself” prompt, the HBS admissions committee simply determined that the previous essay question generated “better” essays that proved more valuable in their decision-making process. Regardless of the reason behind the change, you will need to find the best way to approach this year’s prompt, which we will now analyze in more detail… “As we review your application, what more would you like us to know as we consider your candidacy for the Harvard Business School MBA Program?” (no word limit) Take special note of the word “more” in this straightforward question. With it, the admissions committee is subtly acknowledging that it already has a lot of information about you that it can and will use to get to know you better, including your resume, extracurricular activities, recommendations, short-answer question responses, academic transcripts, and GMAT/GRE score. You should therefore think first about what these portions of your application convey about who you are as an individual and candidate, so you can determine which parts of your profile still need presenting or could benefit from more detail. Now, some applicants may fret that this means they absolutely cannot touch on anything mentioned elsewhere in their application, for fear that the admissions committee will grow furious and disqualify them. However, HBS is not asking only for fresh informationâ€"it is asking for more, and specifically, whatever “more” you believe the committee needs to evaluate you thoro ughly and fairly. So, even though a bullet on your resume may inform the school of a certain fact, if a profoundly important story lurks behind that fact that you feel effectively expresses a key part of your personality or skill set, you should not feel hesitant to share that story. That said, we are not advocating for you to explore your resume in depth, just trying to convey that “more” here does not mean strictly “thus far unmentioned.” Before we discuss a few approaches you might take in framing this essay, we must note that your goal in writing it is sincerity. The admissions committee is not staffed by robots, seeking to detect a certain “type” of applicant. These are human beings who are trying to get to know you and really want to end up liking you! With this essay, you essentially want to forge a meaningful connection with a complete stranger, and if you try to present yourself as something or someone you are not, you will fail. You, like many other applicants, may worry that your sincere stories will sound clichéd. For example, if you want to write about making a difference, you may wince simply thinking those words: “making a difference.” But the power of your story does not lie in the theme you choose (if you choose to write thematically, that is), but in the manner in which you reveal your actions. If you have truly made a significant difference in the lives of others and can own that angle by offering powerful anecdotes and demonstrating a deep emotional connection to others and profound purpose in your acts, you can write on this topic. Although more than a few candidates will undoubtedly submit clichéd pieces on making a difference, if you can capture your admissions reader’s attention fully and make a strong enough impression, the cliché aspect will disappear, and he or she will be impressed by your actions and character.   So, what approach might you take to this essay? The prompt is so open-ended that we cannot possibly capture all possible options, but here are a few: Thematic approach: You could write about a characteristic or attribute that has woven its way throughout your life or that you have woven into your life. Do some self-exploration and see if you can identify a thread that is common to your greatest achievements, thereby illustrating its importance in bringing you to where you are today. Simply stating that theme is not enoughâ€"you need to really guide your reader through the illustrative events in your life to show how and why this theme manifests. In the end, your values are what need to come to the fore in this essay, rather than just a series of discrete episodes. (Note that highlighting your values is necessary with any approach you take to your HBS essay.) Inflection points: Maybe the key events and aspects of your life cannot be neatly captured or categorized within a neat and tidy theme. People are complex, meaning that many are not able to identify a singular “force” that unifies their life experience. If this is you, do not worryâ€"instead, consider discussing a few inflection points that were instrumental in shaping the individual you are today. This does not mean writing a very linear biography or regurgitating your resume in detail. The admissions committee does not need or want such a summary and is instead interested in your ability to reflect on the catalysts in and challenges to your world view and the manifestations thereof. Likewise, you do not need to offer a family history or an overarching explanation of your existence. Simply start with the first significant incident that shaped who you are as an adult, and again, ensure that your essay ultimately reveals your values. Singular anecdote: Although this is rare, you may have had a single standout experience that could serve as a microcosm of who you are and what you stand for. If this experience or moment truly defines you and strikes at the essence of your being, you can discuss it and it alone. You do not need to worry that offering just one anecdote will make your essay seem “skimpy” or present you as one-dimensional, as long as the story has inherent strength and power. You will need to delve into the narrative and let the story tell itself; if you are choosing to write a singular anecdote, the story should be sufficiently compelling on its own, without a lot of explanation. You may have read through these three options and thought, “What about a fourth option, in which I discuss my goals and why HBS? Certainly they want to know about that!” The HBS admissions committee is a straight-shooting groupâ€"if the school wanted candidates to write about their goals and why HBS, or wanted them not to, the prompt would come right out and say so. The reality is that most people should not use this essay to discuss their career ambitions and interest in HBS, because doing so will not reveal that much “more” about them. For example, if you are a consultant who plans to return to consulting after graduation, we cannot imagine a scenario in which addressing your goals and why an HBS MBA is critical would constitute an effective use of this essay. However, if you are a medic at a bush hospital in Uganda and are applying to HBS with the goal of commercializing low-cost technologies to fight infectious diseases, this may well be a fitting topic for your essay, as you seek to connect the dots between your unusual (in a positive sense) career path and your aspirations. In short, for most candidates, we would suggest eschewing a “Why MBA? Why HBS?” approach, but in a few rare cases, it may be appropriate and compelling. Finally, let us talk about word limits! HBS has not stipulated any particular parameters, but keep in mind that with each word, you are making a claim on someone else’s timeâ€"so you better make sure that what you have written is worth that additional time and effort. We expect that most of our clients will use between 750 and 1,000 words, with some using as few as 600 and a small minority using as many as 1,250. We have difficulty imagining a scenario in which an applicant would truly need more than 1,250, but we certainly know of candidates who were accepted with essays that exceeded that high target. In short, take the space you need to tell your story properly and showcase your personality and experience, and then work to reduce your essay to its lowest possible word count, without sacrificing any impact or effectiveness. Have the Last Word: The Post-Interview Reflection (conditional on being interviewed) From the admissions committee: “Following the interview, candidates are required to submit a written reflection using our online application system. This must be submitted within 24 hours following the completion of the interview. Detailed instructions will be provided to those applicants who are invited to the interview process.” For the fourth consecutive year, HBS ask candidates who are granted an interview to complete one more written task. Within 24 hours of interviewing, you must submit some final words of reflection, addressing the question “How well did we get to know you?” As with the application essay, this post-interview reflection is open-ended; you can structure it however you wish and write about whatever you want to tell the committee. HBS urges interviewed applicants not to approach this reflection as a formal essay but instead “as an email you might write to a colleague or supervisor after a meeting.” Some candidates may find this additional submission intimidating, but we encourage you to view it as an opportunity to reveal new aspects of your profile to the admissions committee. Because your HBS interviewer will have read your entire application before your meeting, you will likely discuss information from your resume, essays, recommendations, etc., during your interview. This post-interview reflection, then, could provide an opening for you to integrate new and different elements of your profile, thereby adding depth to your candidacy. For example, if you could not find a way to include the story of a key life experience of yours into your essays, but your interviewer touches on a similar story or something connected with this experience in your meeting, you would now have license to share that anecdote. As soon as your interview is over, jot down all the topics covered and stories you discussed. If you interview on campus, note also any observations about your time there. For example, sitting in on a class might have reminded you of a compelling past experience, or participating in the case method may have provided insight into an approach you could use in some way in the future. Maybe the people you met or a building you saw made a meaningful impression on you. Whatever these elements are, tie them to aspects of your background and profile while adding some new thoughts and information about yourself. This last part is keyâ€"simply describing your visit will not teach the admissions committee anything about  you, and a flat statement like “I loved the case method” will not make you stand out. Similarly, offering a summary of everything the admissions committee already knows about you will not advance your candidacy and would constitute a lost opportunity to keep the committee l earning about who you are. HBS offers some additional advice on the post-interview reflection that we strongly urge you to take seriously and follow: We will be much more generous in our reaction to typos and grammatical errors than we will be with pre-packaged responses. Emails that give any indication that they were produced BEFORE you had the interview will raise a flag for us. We do not expect you to solicit or receive any outside assistance with this exercise. As for how long this essay should be, HBS again does not offer a word limit. We have seen successful submissions ranging from 400 words to more than 1,000. We recommend aiming for approximately 500, but adjust as appropriate to thoroughly tell the admissions committee what you feel is important, while striving to be succinct. For a thorough exploration of  HBS’s  academic program/merits, defining characteristics, crucial statistics, social life, academic environment and more, please check out the  mbaMission Insider’s Guide to Harvard Business School. (Note: As a complement to our essay analysis, be sure to read Jeremy Shinewald’s Poets Quants article “Before You Write That HBS Essay,”  in which he offers his top five dos and don’ts for this essay question.) The Next Stepâ€"Mastering Your HBS  Interview:  Many MBA candidates find admissions interviews stressful and intimidating, but mastering this important element of the application process is definitely possibleâ€"the key is informed preparation. And, on your way to this high level of preparation, we offer our  free Interview Primers  to spur you along! Download your free copy of the  Harvard  Business School Interview Primer  todayâ€"and be sure to check out our one-of-a-kind service:  HBS Mock Interview and Post-Interview Reflection Support. Share ThisTweet 2016-2017 Harvard University (Harvard Business School) MBA Essay Analysis

Monday, May 25, 2020

Who Invented Touch Screen Technology

According to PC Magazine, a touch screen is, a display screen that is sensitive to the touch of a finger or stylus. Widely used on ATM machines, retail point-of-sale terminals, car navigation systems, medical monitors and industrial control panels, the touch screen became wildly popular on handhelds after Apple introduced the iPhone in 2007. The touch screen is one of the easiest to use and most intuitive of all computer interfaces, a touch screen allows users to navigate a computer system by touching icons or links on the screen. How Touch Screen Technology Works There are three components used in touch screen technology: The touch sensor is a panel with a touch responsive surface. Systems are built based on different types of sensors: resistive (most common), surface acoustic wave, and capacitive (most smartphones). However, in general, sensors have an electrical current running through them and touching the screen causes a voltage change. The voltage change signals the location of the touching.The controller is the hardware that converts the voltage changes on the sensor into signals the computer or another device can receive.Software tells the computer, smartphone, game device, etc, whats happening on the sensor and the information coming from the controller. Whos touching what where; and allows the computer or smartphone to react accordingly. Of course, the technology works in combination with a computer, smartphone, or another type of device. Resistive and Capacitive Explained According to Malik Sharrieff, an eHow Contributor, the resistive system is comprised of five components, including the CRT (cathode ray tube) or screen base, the glass panel, the resistive coating, a separator dot, a conductive cover sheet and a durable top coating. When a finger or stylus presses down on the top surface, the two metallic layers become connected (they touch), the surface acts as a pair of voltage dividers with connected outputs. This causes a change in the electrical current. The pressure from your finger causes conductive and resistive layers of circuitry to touch each other, changing the circuits resistance, which registers as a touch screen event that is sent to the computer controller for processing. Capacitive touch screens use a layer of capacitive material to hold an electrical charge; touching the screen changes the amount of charge at a specific point of contact. History of Touch Screen Technology 1960s Historians consider the first touch screen to be a capacitive touch screen invented by E.A. Johnson at the Royal Radar Establishment, Malvern, UK, around 1965 - 1967. The inventor published a full description of touch screen technology for air traffic control in an article published in 1968. 1970s In 1971, a touch sensor was developed by Doctor Sam Hurst (founder of Elographics) while he was an instructor at the University of Kentucky. This sensor called the Elograph was patented by The University of Kentucky Research Foundation. The Elograph was not transparent like modern touch screens, however, it was a significant milestone in touch screen technology. The Elograph was selected by Industrial Research as one of the 100 Most Significant New Technical Products of the Year 1973. In 1974, the first true touch screen incorporating a transparent surface came on the scene developed by Sam Hurst and Elographics. In 1977, Elographics developed and patented a resistive touch screen technology, the most popular touch screen technology in use today. In 1977, Siemens Corporation financed an effort by Elographics to produce the first curved glass touch sensor interface, which became the first device to have the name touch screen attached to it. On February 24, 1994, the company officially changed its name from Elographics to Elo TouchSystems. Elographics Patents US3662105: Electrical Sensor Of Plane CoordinatesInventor(s)Hurst; George S., Lexington, KY - Parks; James E., Lexington, KYIssued/Filed Dates:May 9, 1972 / May 21, 1970US3798370: Electrographic Sensor For Determining Planar CoordinatesInventor(s)Hurst; George S., Oak Ridge, TNIssued/Filed Dates:March 19, 1974 / April 17, 1972 1980s In 1983, the computer manufacturing company, Hewlett-Packard introduced the HP-150, a home computer with touch screen technology. The HP-150 had a built-in a grid of infrared beams across the front of the monitor which detected finger movements. However, the infrared sensors would collect dust and require frequent cleanings. 1990s The nineties introduced smartphones and handhelds with touch screen technology. In 1993, Apple released the Newton PDA, equipped with handwriting recognition; and IBM released the first smartphone called Simon, which featured a calendar, notepad, and fax function, and a touch screen interface that allowed users to dial phone numbers. In 1996, Palm entered the PDA market and advanced touch screen technology with its Pilot series. 2000s In 2002, Microsoft introduced the Windows XP Tablet edition and started its entry into touch technology. However, you could say that the increase in the popularity of touch screen smart phones defined the 2000s. In 2007, Apple introduced the king of smartphones, the iPhone, with nothing but touch screen technology.

Thursday, May 14, 2020

The Relationship Between Music and Poetry Research Papers

Music and poetry have existed alongside each other for many years. The question of whether poetry is improved by music is an interesting one. People who do not enjoy traditional poetry often find that they have a passion for music with lyrics. Arguably, lyrics are a form of poetry and, through the medium of musical performance, people are able to understand the meaning of the words on a deeper level than if they were to simply read them on a page. Nevertheless, as there are many types of music there are also many types of poetry. Some poetry can be complemented and enhanced by music. Other types of poetry, however, are unlikely to work with music. Whether poetry is improved by music depends on the type of poetry. Program notes for Dubussy’s Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun said, The relationship of music to poetry (at least philosophically) was never closer than in France in the last decades of the nineteenth century. The great symbolist poet Stà ©phane Mallarmà ©Ã¢â‚¬â„¢s attested poetic purpose was ‘to use words in such harmonious combinations as will suggest to the reader a mood or a condition which is not mentioned in the text, but is nevertheless paramount in the poet’s mind at the moment of composition.’ Mallarmà © sought to duplicate, through poetry, the effects of music, to do what music did better than any other art, express the inexpressible (Music). The concept explored here is that music can add diction and meaning to a poem that was originally on the page. It is commonly thought that music touches people on a different level to the written, or even the spoke, word. As Mallarmà © pointed out, at times the effect of a song is encompassed more within the unspoken suggestion rather than in the literal meaning of the words themselves (Music). Poetry is an often misunderstood art form, even today. Many people consider poetry to be inaccessible to all except to those who are poets or scholars of poetry. Such people claim that they don’t understand poetry. However, the vast majority of people claim to like at least one kind of lyrical music and, moreover, say that they understand the meanings within it. There are certain artists that can be accurately referred to as both poets and musicians. One example of such an artist is Bruce Springsteen. Springsteen has written many songs which have risen to considerable popularity. â€Å"You’re Missing† is just one of his songs. The lyrics contained within â€Å"You’re Missing† are poetic but are, nonetheless, plain. The opening stanza, or verse, reads: â€Å"Shirts in the closet, shoes in the hall / Mamas in the kitchen, baby and all / Everything is everything / Everything is everything / But youre missing† (Springsteen, lines 1-5). Simply seeing these lines on the page leaves the reader with a mild sense of what the words are about, but they do not rouse much emotion. However, when the reader then listens to the recording of Springsteen singing the words, along with musical accompaniment, the tone and the meaning are far clearer and poignant. The words undoubtedly have much more weight to them when heard in conjunction with the music. However, there are some poets whose work can only be read on the page. Such works could not successfully be read aloud, and certainly could not be put to music as Springsteen’s words are. E.E. Cummings is one such poet. Although Cummings wrote a great deal of traditional poetry, such as sonnets, he also did a significant amount of experimental works. A helpful example is Cummings’ â€Å"The Cubist Break-Up.† This work is separated into thirteen, relatively short, poems. Each of these poems is in a different layout on the page. Part 4, for example, reads: 1(a // 1e / af / fa // 11 // s) / one / 1 // iness† (Cummings, p. 39). Anyone would be forgiven for not understanding this poem of Cummings’. However, regardless of whether a reader does or does not comprehend the meaning of this poem, few would argue that it could or should be put to music. However, not all poets write in such an abstract way. Philip Larkin, for example, has written some poetry that is, arguably, accessible to anyone who is basically literate. â€Å"This Be The Verse,† for example, opens: â€Å"They fuck you up, your mum and dad. They may not mean to, but they do. They fill you with the faults they had And add some extra, just for you† (Larkin, lines 1-4). Unlike â€Å"The Cubist Break-Up,† this poem uses straightforward language in an easy to read format. It is conversational and has a very clear meaning behind it. Larkin continues in this style throughout the poem and right until the end, the final stanza reading: â€Å"Man hands on misery to man. It deepens like a coastal shelf Get out as early as you can, And dont have any kids yourself† (Larkin, lines 9-12). While Larkin’s â€Å"This Be The Verse† is a lyric poem, there are narrative poems which are equally simple to grasp and appreciate, even for individuals who do not study, or particularly enjoy, traditional poetry. Mark Ford’s â€Å"A Swimming-Pool Full of Peanuts† is a narrative poem from his book Landlocked (Ford, 1992). It consists of an anecdote, told from the perspective of a door-to-door salesman. The speaker tells the audience of the time he discovered a swimming pool full of peanuts in someone’s back garden. This work is an excellent example of how poetry need not be even partially abstract, nor use complicated language. It demonstrates how poetry can be in many different forms, and in very different styles and tones. Ford uses conversational language right from the start of his poem and continues with this style throughout. The following extract provides an example: â€Å"Well this is a hoax I can tell some monkey’s idea of a good joke for who’d fill up a fair sized swimming- pool with peanuts unless they’re painted in which case it’s a nice piece of work so I kneel down in my best suit on the edge†¦Ã¢â‚¬  (Ford, 1992). The language is simple to read and to understand. This is probably the reason for why â€Å"A Swimming-Pool Full of Peanuts† is one of Ford’s most widely appreciated poems. It is accessible to many people, as even those who have little or no knowledge of poetry can read and understand it. Moreover, the poem contains unusual but lively humour, which tends to appeal to most. â€Å"A Swimming-Pool Full of Peanuts† is written in loose blank verse. Ford has used very little punctuation throughout the piece. This can also be attractive for people who do not read a great deal of poetry, as they have the freedom to read as they choose, with only line breaks giving them set, but easy, pauses. The poem reads like a stream of consciousness, and this adds to its conversational manner. It also has a good pace and plenty of musicality. It is exciting and moves forward quickly, which is likely to hold the attention of even the most reluctant reader. A Swimming-Pool Full of Peanuts, on first read, appears to be a solely humorous, light-hearted anecdote. However, when I read it more carefully I noticed all kinds of ways that Ford has used to give us an insight into the character of the narrator. An example is when the speaker talks of his concerns with what might be hidden underneath the peanuts: â€Å"†¦for no Reason I’m feeling all queasy this pool full of peanuts Is disturbing my eye won’t focus in case in an instant They turn into piranha fish and green mambas Or anything else that might be hiding down there† (Ford). The notion that there may be such things beneath the peanuts is, arguably, ridiculous, and this example of the speaker’s thoughts gives the reader an insight into the character of the narrator. This type of detail is important, especially for people who do not appreciate more abstract poetry with hidden meanings. Another element of the Ford’s writing that features superior characterization is where the speaker retrieves a golf club from his car and begins to hit the peanuts with it: â€Å"†¦ I go back to my car and open up the trunk I take out my golf-bag I select a nine-iron And without a thought for my own safety I head back To the pool and I swing away reckless in that peanut bunker I scatter peanuts like a madman all over around there They go flying like sand-flies in all directions like golf- Balls they arc away and shower down like buff-coloured hail And I thrash and flail like one possessed†¦Ã¢â‚¬  (Ford). It is possible that the speaker is, as he suggests, a ‘madman’. Ford has used the show not tell technique regarding the character. This is effective and provides further appeal to those who disfavor traditional poetry. As there are different styles of music, there are also different styles of poetry. Some poetry can fit very well, and indeed be enhanced by the presence of musical accompaniment. The music of Bruce Springsteen is an excellent example of this. However, the work of other poets would be practically nonsensical if it was combined with music. Poetry can be simple to understand, with or without music alongside it. As only certain types of poetry are effective as song lyrics, whether or not poetry is more successful within music depends on the both the musical and poetical preference of the individual. Works Cited Ford, M â€Å"A Swimming Pool Full of Peanuts.† Landlocked. 1992. Print. Chatto and Windus: NY. Cummings, E.E. â€Å"The Cubest Break-Up.† Selected Poems. 2007. Print. Norton: USA. â€Å"Music, Poetry and Meaning.† Donskiff. 2004. Web. 23 April. 2011.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Common Criticisms in Psychology Paper - 1486 Words

Common Criticisms in Psychology Paper University of Phoenix August 9, 2009 Common Criticisms in Psychology Paper The artificiality of inventive conditions in experimental environments is a repeated concern. How real can laboratory-based research be? This paper will explain the criticism of artificiality in the discipline of psychology and apply this criticism to at least three sub disciplines within psychology. This paper will also compare and contrast the breakthrough model of scientific research and the principle of connectivity in explaining events and outcomes; finally ending with comparing and contrasting the concepts of the single cause explanation and the principle of multiple causation in explaining events and outcomes.†¦show more content†¦It makes no difference if the theory explains old facts differently from the earlier theory, just that they are explained. This necessity guarantees the accumulative development of science. Despite a new theory explaining new facts, if there is no explanation for the old ones then there are no considera tions of finalized advancement and no immediate replacement of them (Stanovich, 2007). What will occur will be both the old and new theory coexisting as probable ideas until a new theory abdicates them null and void? Leading us astray is the breakthrough model of scientific research by suggesting that new findings violate the principle of connectivity (Stanovich, 2007). This suggestion deems risky because by abandoning the connectivity principle, the primary beneficiaries are purveyors of counterfeit science and incredulous theories. Notorious are headlines that lead off with â€Å"New Breakthrough.† Theories such as these acquire most of their interest and publicity by claims that they are astoundingly new. The next deception is to cast out past information by asserting them impertinent. The reason being given, that such information does not yet exist due to the newness of the theory. This breeds an environment of pseudoscience. Better explained is by the evolutionary theory the ghost of creationism, with its connectivity display of such different areas of science as morphology,Show MoreRelatedIs Conceptual Critiques Relevant for Psychology?1472 Words   |  6 Pagesconsideration in their theoretical works as it prevents future criticisms. To conclude on the relevance of Conceptual Critiques in Psychology, lets consider one last but not least example on Jung’s Analytic theory. The goal of this theory was to achieve a meaningful life by focusing on personality development via a continuous cycle of self-awareness, transformation, and self-actualization (Maltby, Day, Macaskill, 2010). 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Indeed from his birth in 1856 to his death in 1939, Freud’s contribution to psychology and a host of other areas of human endeavor has been so outstanding and far reaching that it may be very difficult to envision several aspects of popular culture without a Freudian perspective. Moreover, while it hasRead MoreScience Is The Term For A Unique Means Of Understanding The World1469 Words   |  6 Pagesexpose it to the scrutiny of colleagues, who should examine the methodology and data in great depth. Psychology is not an easily understandable discipline. It overlaps with a number of other fields under exploration, including sociology and biology, to the extent that any two individuals stating to be psychologists may actually have very little in common. 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Tuesday, May 5, 2020

How has the recent arrival Essay Example For Students

How has the recent arrival Essay Language is a tool of communication and communication gives people an opportunity to understand each other. However, language constantly changes. At some moments it is difficult to understand someone who uses words, terms or phrases that you have never heard before. Especially difficult it becomes if that person comes from other from yours region or country and uses lexical units that are not common at your region. Changes of the language are rapid and dynamic. They occur constantly and in great numbers and variations. That is why dictionaries and language manuals need periodical updates. This is supposed to help in classifying and reflecting all the changes that have occurred in a certain period of time. Nowadays this necessity of updating is becoming even more significant. This happens because new technologies, concepts, ideas, and, consequently, new words and styles of communication shape themselves within the society and replace older ones. Sciences and industries develop new technologies and concepts daily. Hence, they need to be and are being reflected in our everyday language, accepted in our everyday life. Some words change their meaning, some get out of use, some get new meanings which are different from previous ones. Changes, such as the birth of new words, ideas and concepts, are not happening in some particular language, but in most of the worlds languages. That is why not only for linguists, but for all people it is important to know them, notice, consider, and get used to the changes. Especially sharp this problem stands before the people who work or have business abroad and need to take their experience beyond the usual surrounding. Not only an industry influences the language, but the language is influenced by it as well. In his work David Crystal explained this phenomenon as follows: This would form part of a much broader economic perspective, in which the traditional view, that the economy influences language, is supplemented by the notion that language exercises a strong influence on the economy. There are several domains in which languages play an important role, and thus contribute to their economic success (Crystal, 1995) This statement, in its turn, leads us to the need to study and analyze the problem. This can be done on the basis of the descriptive and prescriptive approaches to language which may help us to clarify the issue. In the given work these two approaches will be examined. Besides, we will analyze their strengths and weaknesses, and analyze them applying not only to some particular field, but in more general applications as well. 1. Understanding the Descriptive and Prescriptive Approaches It is well known that languages change constantly. New and alternative words appear to name new things and processes, new idiomatic expressions and spellings appear to express older ones which are gradually getting out of use. Sometimes these innovations stay unnoticed or not much attention is paid to them, they are just becoming parts of our everyday communication and are used as if there is nothing new in them. However, if the change is noticed, it may face two possible responses. The first one consists in commenting on them, trying to explain and classify, deciding whether to accept them or not, or simply accepting them without any doubts. This is what the descriptive approach consists in. This approach tends to exactly and clearly describe how certain features of the language features are used in communication. This leads to the understanding that all the lexical units have similar features and may be classified. .u6fa50e6ac53fbfc8c5a9112ba8dc9593 , .u6fa50e6ac53fbfc8c5a9112ba8dc9593 .postImageUrl , .u6fa50e6ac53fbfc8c5a9112ba8dc9593 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u6fa50e6ac53fbfc8c5a9112ba8dc9593 , .u6fa50e6ac53fbfc8c5a9112ba8dc9593:hover , .u6fa50e6ac53fbfc8c5a9112ba8dc9593:visited , .u6fa50e6ac53fbfc8c5a9112ba8dc9593:active { border:0!important; } .u6fa50e6ac53fbfc8c5a9112ba8dc9593 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u6fa50e6ac53fbfc8c5a9112ba8dc9593 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u6fa50e6ac53fbfc8c5a9112ba8dc9593:active , .u6fa50e6ac53fbfc8c5a9112ba8dc9593:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u6fa50e6ac53fbfc8c5a9112ba8dc9593 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u6fa50e6ac53fbfc8c5a9112ba8dc9593 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u6fa50e6ac53fbfc8c5a9112ba8dc9593 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u6fa50e6ac53fbfc8c5a9112ba8dc9593 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u6fa50e6ac53fbfc8c5a9112ba8dc9593:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u6fa50e6ac53fbfc8c5a9112ba8dc9593 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u6fa50e6ac53fbfc8c5a9112ba8dc9593 .u6fa50e6ac53fbfc8c5a9112ba8dc9593-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u6fa50e6ac53fbfc8c5a9112ba8dc9593:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: My Weekend EssayModern linguists prefer applying to the descriptive approach to language because it does not require them to determine what the language should look like or prescribe what exact rules should be used. The descriptive approach requires them only to describe what language is, what new changes have appeared, what their main qualities are, and how they are used in communication. Instead of creating new rules this approach allows describing and bringing to general use those rules, which people have already invented and used to form words and sentences. Surely, there are some of the descriptive rules in English which are necessary to follow. For example, the subject precedes the verb, the object follows the verb, auxiliary verbs precede the subject in questions and the plural of a noun is formed by adding -s. But at the same time, analyzing our speech we can come to the conclusion that, for example, Present Perfect Continuous Tense is being more and more often replaced with Present Perfect and the descriptive approach accepts this change because it becomes accepted by people and is natural. The second possible reaction to the appearance of new words, phrases, and spellings is analyzing them and applying corresponding rules to their usage. This is the prescriptive approach. The main concern of this approach consists in identifying whether a phrase or sentence is grammatically correct. According to the prescriptive approach correct grammar is the most important quality of the language and should be imposed on the whole speech community (Liberman, 2005). Most of the rules which are adopted by the prescriptive approach originally come from Latin and Greek languages. As Latin and Greek are dead languages, they do not change and that is why they serve as models for grammar of English and some other languages (Ibid). Some of the prescriptive rules of English are: Dont split infinitives, dont use double negation, dont end a sentence with a preposition, dont use who in place of whom, say or write It is I instead of It is me. Though modern linguists prefer using the descriptive approach analyzing new tendencies in language, they need to apply to prescriptive approach too because it helps to understand the changes better and to find better tools to explain them. (Peters Pam, 2004) Surely, the linguists clearly understand that language changes and needs to change in order to reflect changes which take place within the society. That is why they use descriptive approach to give people an opportunity to choose appropriate words for particular contexts in order to understand each other better. The descriptive approach also acts as a more democratic way of thinking and meeting changes because common usage is really more powerful than abstract statements of what is correct or logical in a particular language. (Ibid) The descriptive approach does not require certain rules to be imposed on new words or phrases; it just gives advice and recommends certain rules to be applied to new words. It also points out cases in which variations are preferred and indicates the stylistic context in which these variations can be used. At the same time the prescriptive approach is more traditional and requires certain rules to be formulated for the usage of new words and phrases in order to avoid any confusion. As a result, this approach tends to achieve uniformity in language use, especially if it relates to grammar, spelling, and in some cases pronunciation.